Multimaster Kubernetes Cluster on Amazon Using Kops

Getting Started with Kubernetes 1.4 using Spring Boot and Couchbase explains how to get started with Kubernetes  1.4 on Amazon Web Services. A Couchbase service is created in the cluster and a Spring Boot application stores a JSON document in the database. It uses script from the Kubernetes binary download at  to start the cluster. This script is capable of creating a Kubernetes cluster with single master only. This is a fundamental flaw of distributed applications where the master becomes a Single Point of Failure.

Meet kops – short for Kubernetes Operations.

This is the easiest way to get a highly-available Kubernetes cluster up and running. The kubectl script is the CLI for running commands against running clusters. Think of kops as kubectl for cluster.

This blog will show how to create a highly-available Kubernetes cluster on Amazon using kops. And once the cluster is created, then it’ll create a Couchbase service on it and run a Spring Boot application to store JSON document in the database.

Many thanks to justinsb, sarahz, razic, jaygorrell, shrugs, bkpandey and others at Kubernetes slack channel for helping me through the details!

Download kops and kubectl

  • Download Kops latest release. This blog was tested with 1.4.1 on OSX.Complete set of commands for kops can be seen:
  • Download kubectl:
  •  Include kubectl in your PATH.

Create Bucket and NS Records on Amazon

There is a bit of setup involved at this time, and hopefully this will get cleaned up over next releases. Bringing up a cluster on AWS provide detailed steps and more background. Here is what the blog followed:

  • Pick a domain where Kubernetes cluster will be hosted. This blog uses domain. You can pick a top level domain or a sub-domain.
  • Amazon Route 53 is a highly available and scalable DNS service. Login to Amazon Console and created a hosted zone for this domain using Route 53 service.kops-hosted-zoneCreated zone looks like:kops-hosted-zone-createdThe values shown in the Value column are important as they’ll be used later for creating NS records.
  • Create a S3 bucket using Amazon Console to store cluster configuration – this is called state store.kops-s3-bucket
  • The domain is hosted on GoDaddy. For each value shown in the Value column of Route53 hosted zone, create a NS record using GoDaddy Domain Control Center for this domain.Select the type of record:
    kops-godaddy-add-zone-recordFor each value, add the record as shown:kops-godaddy-add-ns-recordCompleted set of records look like:kops-godaddy-ns-records

Start Kubernetes Multimaster Cluster

Let’s understand a bit about Amazon regions and zones:

Amazon EC2 is hosted in multiple locations world-wide. These locations are composed of regions and Availability Zones. Each region is a separate geographic area. Each region has multiple, isolated locations known as Availability Zones.

Amazon Docs

A highly-available Kubernetes cluster can be created across zones but not across regions.

  • Find out availability zones within a region:
  • Create a multi-master cluster:
    Most of the switches are self-explanatory. Some switches need a bit of explanation:

    • Specifying multiple zones using --master-zones (must be odd number) create multiple masters across AZ
    • --cloud=aws is optional if cloud can be inferred from zones
    • --yes is used to specify the immediate creation of cluster. Otherwise only the state is stored in the bucket, and the cluster needs to be created separately.

    Complete set of CLI switches can be seen:

  • Once the cluster is created, get more details about the cluster:

  • Check cluster client and server version:

  • Check all nodes in the cluster:

    Or find out only the master nodes:

  • Check all the clusters:

Kubernetes Dashboard Addon

By default, a cluster created using kops does not have the UI dashboard. But this can be added as an add on:

Now complete details about the cluster can be seen:

And the Kubernetes UI dashboard is at the shown URL. In our case, this is and looks like:


Credentials for accessing this dashboard can be obtained using the kubectl config view command. The values are shown like:

Deploy Couchbase Service

As explained in Getting Started with Kubernetes 1.4 using Spring Boot and Couchbase, let’s run a Couchbase service:

This configuration file is at

Get the list of services:

Describe the service:

Get the pods:

Run Spring Boot Application

The Spring Boot application runs against the Couchbase service and stores a JSON document in it.

Start the Spring Boot application:

This configuration file is at

See list of all the pods:

Check logs of the complete pod:

The updated dashboard now looks like:


Delete the Kubernetes Cluster

Kubernetes cluster can be deleted as: provide more details about how to run Couchbase in different container frameworks.

More information about Couchbase:

  • Couchbase Developer Portal
  • Couchbase Forums
  • @couchbasedev or @couchbase


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