September 12, 2007

TOTD #9: Using JDBC connection pool/JNDI name from GlassFish in Rails Application

Categories: netbeans, totd, web2.0

Using the instructions followed in JRuby Hack Day and taking some help from Nick, I figured out how to use the JDBC connection pools configured in GlassFish using the JNDI names.

All the commands given below are relevant for GlassFish but the same concept will work where ever you deploy your WARed up JRuby on Rails application.

  1. Follow the bullet #1 and #2 from here to create a new application and database with the following exceptions:
    1. Use the name "jndi_rails" instead of "RailsApplication9" for the Project Name.
    2. Make sure to select "Access database using JDBC" in bullet # 2.2. This will bundle ActionRecord-JDBC plugin in your application.
  2. Create database using bullet # 3 from here. Use the following command instead to create the database instead:

    mysqladmin -u root create jndi_rails_production

  3. Create Model and Controller as described in bullet #4 here.
  4. Configure Model and Controller
    1. Configure Model
      1. In the NetBeans IDE, expand "Database Configurations", "migrate" and open "001_create_greetings.rb". Change the "self.up" helper method such that it looks like:

        def self.up
          create_table :greetings do |t|
            t.column :data, :string

      2. Expand "Configuration", open "database.yml", change the database name for development configuration from "jndi_rails_development" to "jndi_rails_production".
      3. Right-select the project, select ‘Run Rake Target‘, ‘db‘, ‘migrate‘. This generates the appropriate database tables and the following is shown in the output window:

        (in C:/Users/Arun Gupta/Documents/NetBeansProjects/jndi_rails)
        == CreateGreetings: migrating =================================================
        -- create_table(:greetings)
        -> 0.2650s
        == CreateGreetings: migrated (0.2650s) ========================================

      4. Add data to the database tables and give appropriate privileges using the following commands in a shell window:

        C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.0\bin>mysql -u root
        Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
        Your MySQL connection id is 14
        Server version: 5.0.45-community-nt MySQL Community Edition (GPL)

        Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

        mysql> use jndi_rails_production;
        Database changed
        mysql> insert into greetings values (1, "Hello from MySQL JNDI pool!");
        Query OK, 1 row affected (0.03 sec)

        mysql> grant all on jndi_rails_production.* to arun@localhost identified by 'noway';
        Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.26 sec)

        mysql> flush privileges;
        Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.16 sec)

        mysql> quit;

      5. Change the production database environment from:

          adapter: mysql
          database: jndi_rails_production
          username: root
          host: localhost


          adapter: jdbc
          jndi: jdbc/jndi_rails
          driver: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

        Notice only JDBC adpater and JNDI name is specified in the database configuration. This ensures that the database is resolved using only the JNDI name. Although "database", "username" and "password" attributes may be specified in addition to "jndi" and "driver" attributes. In this case, the Rails configuration falls back to pure-Ruby MySQL adapter.

    2. Configure Controller using bullet # 5.2 from here.
  5. Create the JDBC connection pool and resource
    1. In GLASSFISH_HOME\bin, create the JDBC connection pool by giving the following command:

      asadmin create-jdbc-connection-pool --datasourceclassname com.mysql.jdbc.jdbc2.optional.MysqlConnectionPoolDataSource --restype javax.sql.DataSource --property User=arun:Password=noway:URL=jdbc\:mysql\://localhost/jndi_rails_production jdbc/jndi_rails_pool

      The following output should be seen on the console:

      Command create-jdbc-connection-pool executed successfully.

    2. Create the JDBC resource by giving the following command:

      asadmin create-jdbc-resource --connectionpoolid jdbc/jndi_rails_pool jdbc/jndi_rails

      The following output should be seen on the console:

      Command create-jdbc-resource executed successfully.

  6. Create a WAR file as described in bullet #6 here
  7. Download, Install and Start GlassFish as described in bullet #7 here.
  8. Download and Install MySQL/J Connector in a new directory. Copy the JAR file from the main installation directory to ‘GLASSFISH_HOME/lib‘ directory.
  9. Copy the WAR file (jndi_rails.war) in "domains/domain/autodeploy" directory.

The application is accessible at "http://localhost:8080/jndi_rails/say/hello".

An alternative approach to use the connection pools is discussed here. Lou also nicely describes the benefits of connection pooling.

Connecting to Oracle From Rails explains how to connect to Oracle (instead of JavaDB) with JRuby.

Please leave suggestions on other TOTD that you’d like to see. A complete archive is available here.

Technorati: totd rubyonrails jruby ruby netbeans glassfish connectionpooling jndi jdbc jrubyonglassfish mysql

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Related posts:
  1. TOTD #44: JDBC Connection Pooling for Rails on GlassFish v3
  2. ActiveRecord-JDBC 0.5 – simplified database configuration
  3. TOTD #35: Rails Database Connection on Solaris
  4. TOTD #3: Using JavaDB with JRuby on Rails
  5. TOTD #73: JRuby and GlassFish Integration Test #4: JRuby 1.2.0 RC2 + Rails 2.2.x + GlassFish v2 + Warbler


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    Comment by Arun Gupta's Blog — September 18, 2007 @ 2:30 pm

  2. This is all great but wouldn’t the main benefit of using the connection pool be that many ruby apps would all share it? Assuming they are each using their own schema, how do you get them to change the context they are executing sql in when they check out a connection from the pool?

    Comment by Matt Field — October 1, 2007 @ 5:13 am

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    Comment by Arun Gupta's Blog — February 8, 2008 @ 4:33 am

  4. Hi.
    It perfect, but what about when you have, let’s say 5 databases in the same server and you web application need data from all of them. How do you do that?


    Comment by David — March 2, 2008 @ 12:39 pm

  5. David,

    How do you do multiple databases in Rails ? I expect the same mechanism will be extended for JNDI as well.


    Comment by Arun Gupta — March 9, 2008 @ 8:49 pm

  6. Hi,

    Can you provide me some link where i can connect to mysql database in glass fish server console for my ejb project on netbeans.

    thanks in advance
    abishek kumar.

    Comment by Abishek Kumar — March 18, 2008 @ 4:27 pm

  7. Hi Abhishek,

    Here is a screencast shows how to do this for NetBeans in general:

    You should be able to use this for your EJB projects as well.


    Comment by Arun Gupta — March 18, 2008 @ 6:07 pm

  8. Here is how I solved (from a user in IceFaces tfreyne)

    in web.xml

    <!– first datasource–>
    <description>DB Connection</description>
    <!– second datasource–>
    <description>DB Connection</description>

    and in context.xml

    <Context path="/si3_8" docBase="si3_8" debug="1" reloadable="true">
    <!– First one–>
    <Resource name="jdbc/SOME_NAME" auth="Container"
    url="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/DATABASE1" username="si3_8"
    password="si3" maxActive="20" maxIdle="10" maxWait="-1"
    removeAbandoned="true" removeAbandonedTimeout="60"
    logAbandoned="true" />

    <!– Second one–>
    <Resource name="jdbc/SOME_NAME2" auth="Container"
    url="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/DATABASE2" username="si3_8"
    password="si3" maxActive="20" maxIdle="10" maxWait="-1"
    removeAbandoned="true" removeAbandonedTimeout="60"
    logAbandoned="true" />


    Comment by David — March 20, 2008 @ 2:06 pm

  9. Hi Arun,

    I finally setup rails on Glassfish using glassfish_rails 0.2.0 gem thanks to your instructions.

    It is stable, but I’ve just discovered that file uploading is not working when file size exceeds 10 KB. Here is the error in log file:
    Status: 500 Internal Server Error
    stack level too deep
    E:/jruby-1.1.2/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/actionpack-2.1.0/lib/action_controller/request.rb:547:in `read_multipart’

    Somehow this problem does not happen with JRuby 1.1.2 on Mongrel.

    Is there some mistake that I possibly made in configuring glassfish?


    Comment by BX — June 10, 2008 @ 7:57 pm

  10. BX, this could be a bug. Can you file one at:

    using "jruby" subcomponent.

    Comment by Arun Gupta — June 10, 2008 @ 10:33 pm

  11. A bug is submitted at:


    Comment by BX — June 12, 2008 @ 1:09 am

  12. df

    Comment by Anonymous — June 12, 2008 @ 9:39 pm

  13. you’re not alone , got the same problem. I submitted the bug … we’ll see… I really need this very soon to work!

    When using Jruby1.1.2+Glassfish (latest gem available) and trying to upload a file > 10Kb; I got the following message in the log :
    /!\ FAILSAFE /!\ Sun Jun 15 22:03:29 +0200 2008
    Status: 500 Internal Server Error
    stack level too deep
    action_controller/request.rb:547:in `read_multipart’
    action_controller/request.rb:547:in `loop’
    action_controller/request.rb:547:in `read_multipart’
    action_controller/request.rb:470:in `parse_multipart_form_parameters’
    action_controller/request.rb:400:in `parse_formatted_request_parameters’
    action_controller/cgi_process.rb:80:in `request_parameters’
    action_controller/request.rb:304:in `parameters’
    action_controller/request.rb:22:in `request_method’
    action_controller/request.rb:35:in `method’
    action_controller/routing/route_set.rb:431:in `extract_request_environment’
    action_controller/routing/route_set.rb:384:in `recognize’
    action_controller/dispatcher.rb:148:in `handle_request’
    action_controller/dispatcher.rb:107:in `dispatch’
    action_controller/dispatcher.rb:104:in `dispatch’
    action_controller/dispatcher.rb:120:in `dispatch_cgi’
    action_controller/dispatcher.rb:35:in `dispatch’
    <script>:62:in `service’
    Somehow this problem does not happen with JRuby 1.1.2 on Mongrel.

    is there anything I can change in some configuration file to prevent this bug?

    Comment by Fred — June 15, 2008 @ 1:30 pm

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    Comment by Arun Gupta's Blog — September 5, 2008 @ 10:19 pm

  15. Hi Dear ,
    I have a problem in connection pooling ,I want to create connection pooling with the help of factory parameter and I would like to pass oracle configuration.but at this time i am not able to get connection,and another way i sucessfully create connection.
    Please help me out.
    advance Thank,

    Anurodh shrivastava

    Comment by Anurodh Shrivastava — June 5, 2009 @ 6:28 am

  16. Please ask your question to .

    Comment by Arun Gupta — June 8, 2009 @ 4:50 pm

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